Adab in the Masjid

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد و آله و سلم

The strictness of the awliya Allah with regards to not staying in the mosque while in the state of minor hadath (let alone major hadath like janabah/ haidh etc.)

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Bismillah.

Imam Ash-Sha’rani (ra) said that the Divine Presence is of two categories, the hadrah khas (special) and the hadrah ‘aam (general). Being in the mosque is to be in the special Divine Presence while being outside the mosque you are still in His general Presence.

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Being in the hadrah khas requires more adab. From picture 1 below, (excerpt from Muhammadan Covenants)

“From them (the adab) is to busy oneself with ‘ibadah and be in the state of taharah continuously and not sit for one moment in the mosque in the state of minor impurity. He should also not think of himself (or occur in his mind that he is) better than any of the muslims, for that was the sin of iblis which took him out from the Presence of Allah and he became cursed and driven out. These are the main adab, and each adab has its branches.”

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Excerpt 2.

“My master ‘Ali Al-Khawwas would take wudhu outside of the mosque or at home whenever he wishes to enter the mosque. He would never enter the mosque in the state of hadath nor take wudhu from the wudhu area in the mosque for fear of entering in the state of hadath, whenever he entered the mosque he would tremble out of awe and would quickly perform his solat and exit saying, ‘Praise be to Allah who has made us left the mosque safely’.”

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Excerpt 3.

(Regarding staying in the state of taharah or wudhu continuously)

From those who I (Ash-Sha’rani) have witnessed (to persist in the state of wudhu) from the awliya of this age are…(mentioned some of their names) and from them, the waliy, al-haj Ahmad al-Qawas, one day he heard a man fart while asleep in the mosque and he avoided sleeping the mosque from then one out of fear that he would do the same in the mosque…

Wabillahit-taufiq.